How to Calculate SGPA: Calculations Simplified

    Updated on: 25 Sep 2022

     


    SGPA stands for Semester Grade Point Average or Sessional Grade Point Average. It calculates the total scores and credits at the end of the term or session. It is the average of all grade points secured in all examinations during one semester.

    How to Calculate SGPA?

    Calculating SGPA is an easy task and would hardly take any time.

    1.  Make a list of all your credit points & grades for each subject.
    2.  For each subject, multiply the credit points by your grade. (Grades cover a range, so you can take the median of the grades.)
    3.  Add all of the results together.
    4. You need to divide your total score by the sum of all the credit points you earned.
    5.  As a result, you get the SGPA.

     

    Now, let's understand how to calculate overall SGPA with an example.

    The formula to calculate SGPA is:
    SGPA = Points secured in the semester/Credits secured in the semester
     

    For example:

    Step 1: Make a list of all your credit points & grades for each subject.

    Credit Score

    Grades

    Subject A - 4

    Subject A - 9

    Subject B - 2

    Subject B - 8.8

    Subject C - 3

    Subject C - 8

    Subject D - 2

    Subject D - 7

     

    Step 2: Multiply the credit points for each subject by the grade you obtained in the respective subject.

    Subject A - 4 x 9 = 36
    Subject B - 2 x 8.8 = 17.6
    Subject C - 3 x 8 = 24
    Subject D - 2  x 7 = 14

     

    Step 3: Add all of the results together.

    Subject A + Subject B + Subject C + Subject D= 36+17.6+24+14 = 91.6

     

    Step 4: You need to divide your total score by the sum of all the credit points you earned.

    SGPA formula = Points secured in the semester / Credits secured in the semester

    Points secured in the semester = 91.6
    Credits secured in the semester (add all the credits from the individual subjects) = 4  +2 + 3 + 2 = 11

    SGPA = 91.6 / 11 = 8.32

     

    Step 5: As a result, you get the SGPA.

    SGPA = 8.32
     

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    How to calculate the percentage by SGPA?

    Sometimes universities ask for a percentage score as well. No worries, the following steps will guide you to convert your SGPA score to a percentage.

    1. In the first step, calculate your SGPA for all semesters.
    2.  Once you have the SGPA's for each semester, add them all up.
    3.  Add the SGPAs and divide the number of semesters.
    4.  Convert your SGPA into a percentage by multiplying it by 10 and subtracting 7.5 from the result, which will give you the percentage.
       

    [(SGPA * 10) - 7.5 = Percentage]
     

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    How do you calculate CGPA from SGPA?

    Now that we know how to calculate SGPA, it's time to learn how to calculate CGPA.

    Let's see the formula to convert SGPA to CGPA.
     

    CGPA = (sum of all semester SGPAs in an academic year) divided by the number of semesters
     

    For example, if you have an 8 SGPA in the 1st semester and a 7 SGPA in the 2nd semester, the CGPA for your first year will be:

    CGPA = [First Semester SGPA + Second Semester SGPA] Divided by the number of semesters

               = (8+7)/2

              = 7.5 CGPA

    Now that we know how to calculate the SPGA, these are some of the important points one should keep in mind while calculating SGPA.

    It is crucial to go through the rules and regulations of the universities you are willing to go to. Get a detailed idea of the scoring system, conversion methods, and so forth. In general, STEM departments have different grading scales from other universities. While converting your SGPA, be attentive and cross-check your results. Sometimes universities demand your scores to be in percentage or CGPA format. There are often problems during the admissions process, such as calculating SGPA or writing an SOP.

    Expert guidance is worth a long way when it comes to admission procedures.

    Likewise, GyanDhan's tools like Admit Predictor and SOP Review can help you with everything from evaluating your profile to writing a compelling statement of purpose. Take advantage of our tools to clear your doubts and get a jumpstart on your career!

    Frequently Asked Questions on "SGPA Calculation"

    What is SGPA?

    SGPA is the average of all grade points secured in all examinations during one semester.

    What is the full form of SGPA?

    SGPA stands for Semester Grade Point Average.

    What is a good SGPA?

    SGPA between 8-9 or above is considered good. It also depends on the course you're choosing. 

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