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Learn All you need to know about MS / M Eng. in Materials Science. See top colleges, jobs, part-time jobs, specialisations, fees, admissions & more
Materials engineers are responsible for the research, specification, design and development of new materials in order to improve technologies and commodities. They are expected to have a good understanding of the properties and behaviors of different substances, from raw material to finished products. Median pay of $92,390 per year makes the job of Materials Engineer highly desirable.
Materials scientists study and analyze various natural and synthetic materials, including metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers etc at the atomic and molecular level. They research on ways to improve existing materials or develop new ones as per the requirements of a particular product or applications. Overall employment of materials engineers is projected to grow 7 percent from 2016 to 2026.
Process Engineers use their understanding of the fundamental principles and laws of nature in order to transform raw materials and energy into products that are useful to society. They must create and develop product specifications, develop equipment requirements, implement manufacturing strategies, and monitor all of the processes they develop in order to ensure maximum productivity. With automation, job of process engineers becomes even more crucial to keep the manufacturing industry running.
Metallurgical engineers develop ways of extracting metals from ores and then converting them into useful products. They work primarily in heavy metal industries such as iron and steel industries. Industries that make products using metals such as automobiles and industrial equipments also employ Metallurgical engineers. Ongoing industrialisation of developing nations promises job growth in this field in the coming decades.
Metallurgists are materials scientists who hold expertise in metals such as iron, copper and aluminum. Metallurgists work on structural level to create metals with desirable properties. They also investigate and examine the performance of metals such as iron, aluminum, nickel and copper and use them to produce a range of useful products. Aerospace and semiconductor industries are some of the biggest job creators in this field.
Apart from them, there are many job profiles available for people who hold degree of masters in Materials Science and Engineering.
Graduates of Materials Science and Engineering are in great demand to design new materials which are used both in traditional industries, such as aerospace manufacturing, and in industries focused on new scientific products. Employment of materials engineers is projected to grow 2 percent over the next ten years, slower than the average for all occupations. Materials engineers will be needed to design new materials for use both in traditional industries, such as aerospace manufacturing, and in industries focused on new medical or scientific products. However, most materials engineers work in manufacturing industries, many of which are expected to have declines or little change in employment.
Demand for materials engineers is expected to come from growing fields, such as biomedical engineering and three-dimensional printing. For example, materials engineers' expertise is crucial in helping biomedical engineers develop new materials for medical implants.
Research and development firms will increasingly employ materials engineers as they explore new uses for materials technology in consumer products, industrial processes, and medicine. Companies that hire Materials Science and Engineering graduates include GlobalFoundries, Apple, Intel, IBM, Western Digital, Ford, Boeing, Exxon, Dupont, Dow etc.
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