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Learn All you need to know about MS / M Eng. in Biomedical Engineering. See top colleges, jobs, part-time jobs, specialisations, fees, admissions & more
Biomedical Engineering is a field that comes with a number of specializations higher than that in most engineering fields. That is due to the very nature of this discipline. Its dependence over latest developments in life sciences allows it to mushroom into a number of sub-fields. The major ones are:
A specialization in Biomedical Innovation and Development means that students will begin by learning to ascertain the problems in the medicine and healthcare world that require technological solutions. Thereafter, their job will be to act as a bridge between the science and the business world. Students of this specialization can expect to learn ideation of biomedical problems and solutions, feasibility evaluation of biomedical products and analysis of biomedical markets besides core biomedical engineering skills. They are most likely to find job as R&D engineers in biomedical companies.
This specialization track is suited for those who wish to enter into medical or dental schools or those who wish to pursue research, either professionally or in a PhD program. The major courses that this specialization would cover would be around clinically oriented human anatomy, molecular biology laboratory methods, tissue engineering, genetic engineering, immunology, human physiology and stem cells. Courses in systems analysis for biomedicine and biocomputational languages are also in trend. Students with this specialization get employed as healthcare scientists, biomedical scientists, epidemiologists, etc.
Biomedical Informatics is the marriage between Data and Information Science and Biomedical Science. It involves the methods and techniques used to collect, store, manage and analyze biomedical information and knowledge to improve health. It is a bridge between biomedical clinical practice and research and biomedical business. Some of the key course themes in this specialization include clinical informatics, modeling of biomedical systems, computational molecular biology, data driven medicine, pharmacogenomics, statistical and machine learning methods for biomedical sciences, etc. The major areas where Biomedical Informatics specialists are required are Bioinformatics, Clinical Informatics, Consumer Health Informatics, Public Health Informatics and Health Information Management.
Biomaterial and Tissue engineering specialization aims at the selection, design and development of biomaterials for clinical applications. Tissue Engineering is concerned with the repair or replacement of damaged tissues and organs like cartilage, bone, liver, pancreas, blood vessels etc. It combines materials science, clinical science, Stem Cell technology and genome science. Students of this specialization can expect to do courses like cellular mechanics and signalling, computational biology, biomedical imaging and optics, bioelectrical and neural engineering, immune engineering, cell-matrix interactions, gene chips, bio-systems, etc. They usually find jobs as Biomaterials Engineer, Tissue Engineer, Biofabrication Engineer, Immune Engineer, Biomaterials Developer, etc.
Biomechanics involves the study of structure and motion of biological units and systems. They may range from the cellular level to whole organisms. This specialization is a confluence of mechanical and biomedical engineering. Some of the main areas that define the course structure of this specialization include Biofluid Mechanics, Tribology and Continuum Biomechanics. Students can expect to learn Cardiovascular Biomechanics, Imaging Anatomy, Tissue Mechanics, Molecular Motors, Modeling and Simulation of Human Movement and Cell Mechanics. Knowledge of musculoskeletal structures is considered a key skill for experts in this area. Biomechanics master’s graduates can expect to be employed as Sport Scientist, Human Motion Simulation Expert, Biomechanist and Biomechanical Engineer. Their skills might also be useful for animation and game development industry.
Biomedical Devices and Systems specialization in a master’s degree in Biomedical Engineering is concerned with the clinical evaluation, regulatory and business aspects of biomedical devices. Quality assessment, design and manufacturing are the central concerns of this field. It aims at bridging the purely technical aspects of developing new medical devices and its socio-economic and business-oriented aspects. Students will learn courses around the topics like biomedical electronics design principles, miniaturization technologies, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), medical device manufacturing, biomedical imaging systems and medical device development. Biomedical Device experts are employed as R&D engineers, Quality Engineers, Production Engineers, Biomedical Equipment Technician, etc.
The difference between a specialization in Medical Devices and Biomedical Devices and Systems in Biomedical Engineering master’s is rooted in the difference between their thrusts. Biomedical devices are used for studying the interaction between human body and disease, while medical devices are used for diagnosis and treatment. At the level of training, industry and employment, there are no major differences between the two. Often the coursework of one overlaps considerably with the other.
Rehabilitation Engineering is aimed at providing technological solutions to the health and medical concerns of the disabled. It involves the study of medical, social and psychological issues associated with disabled people and aims at finding remedies for them. Rehabilitation Engineers aim to improve the quality of life of patients by creating solutions to restore functions and perform life activities and promoting independence. Students of this specialization track study assistive technology, rehabilitation technology design and solutions, human performance analysis, soft-tissue biomechanics, telemedicine and e-health, wheelchair biomechanics, rehabilitation counseling, computer programming for health informatics, augmentative communication, etc. They can find placement as Assistive Technology Practitioner, Rehabilitation Engineer and Rehabilitation Counselor, etc. with large healthcare organizations, biomedical manufacturers, rehabilitation centers, etc.
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